European Union squares the circle on the world’s first AI rulebook, Luca Bertuzzi, Euractiv, Dec. 8, 2023
After a 36-hour negotiating marathon, EU policymakers reached a political agreement on what is set to become the global benchmark for regulating Artificial Intelligence.
The AI Act is a landmark bill to regulate Artificial Intelligence based on its capacity to cause harm. The file passed the finishing line of the legislative process as the European Commission, Council, and Parliament settled their differences in a so-called trilogue on Friday (8 December).
At the political meeting, which set a new record for interinstitutional negotiations, the main EU institutions had to go through an appealing list of 21 open issues. As Euractiv reported, the first part of the trilogue closed the parts on open source, foundation models and governance. . . .
Luca Bertuzzi, AI Act enters final phase of EU legislative process, Euractiv, June 14, 2023
Foundation models & generative AI
REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on laying down harmonised rules on Artificial Intelligence (Artificial Intelligence Act) and amending certain Union Legislative Acts
Amendments adopted by the European Parliament on 14 June 2023 on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence (Artificial Intelligence Act) and amending certain Union legislative acts (COM(2021)0206 – C9-0146/2021 – 2021/0106(COD))
With the introduction of the Artificial Intelligence Act, the European Union aims to create a legal framework for AI to promote trust and excellence. The AI Act would establish a risk-based framework to regulate AI applications, products and services. The rule of thumb: the higher the risk, the stricter the rule. But the proposal also raises important questions about fundamental rights and whether to simply prohibit certain AI applications, such as social scoring and mass surveillance, as UNESCO has recently urged in the Recommendation on AI Ethics, endorsed by 193 countries.
Because of the significance of the proposed EU Act and the CAIDP’s goal to protect fundamental rights, democratic institutions and the rule of law, we have created this informational page to provide easy access to EU institutional documents, the relevant work of CAIDP and others, and to chart the important milestones as the proposal moves forward.
We welcome your suggestions for additions. Please email us.
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Euractiv, AI Act: EU Parliament fine-tunes text ahead of key committee vote (May 8, 2023)
22-03-2022 9:00-9:30, 13:45-15:15
"On 22 March (9:00-9:30 and 13:45-15:15) the AIDA Special Committee will vote on its report on artificial intelligence in a digital age (2020/2266(INI). Within the deadline in December last year, 1384 amendments were tabled, and the rapporteur and shadow rapporteurs held a large number of technical and shadows meetings to work on compromises.
"Throughout the process, via numerous hearings and workshops organised during the committee mandate of 18 months, the members and staff gathered expertise and insights on various aspects of AI. This work fed into the committee's final report, which aims to establish an AI Roadmap up to 2030. AIDA rapporteur: Axel Voss (EPP/PPE, Germany).
At this meeting the AIDA Chair and Members of the AIDA committee will also conclude the work of the committee."
"The IMCO & LIBE committees will hold a joint hearing on the 21 March on the proposal for an Artificial Intelligence Act. The aim of the hearing is to address main issues concerning the Artificial Intelligence (AI) legislative proposal put forward by the Commission on 21 April 2021 and help preparing the Parliament's position.
"This piece of legislation, which is considered a main pillar of the EU digital single market strategy, will set out horizontal rules for the development, modification and use of AI-driven products, services and systems within the territory of the EU, applicable to all industries. The AI act aims to ensure the proper functioning of the internal market and the free movement of AI-based goods and services cross-border and to codify the high standards of the EU trustworthy AI paradigm, which requires AI to be legally, ethically and technically robust, while respecting democratic values and fundamental rights."
COUNCIL OF THE EU
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESEARCH SERVICES
Brando Benifei at AI and Democracy conference, Harvard University, Dec. 1, 2023
CAIDP Meets with MEP Juan Fernando López Aguilar and Delegation from LIBE Committee of the European Parliament, Washington, DC, May 26, 2022
CAIDP meets with MEP Dragoș Tudorache and Members of the European Parliament AIDA Committee, Washington, DC, 4 November 2021
We urge the Swedish Presidency to commit to completing the trilogue in the first half of 2023. In the absence of a legal framework, AI systems will be deployed without necessary safeguards, putting at risk public safety and health, and fundamental rights. . . .
CAIDP recommends that the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament, and the European Commission adopt the following changes ahead of / during the trilogue process. These changes would ensure the Proposal is in alignment with the Council’s stated goals, further protect fundamental rights and Union values, and bring consistency to the Approach. . . .
Prohibit Pseudoscientific and Discriminatory AI Systems
● Require scientific validity for AI systems
● Ban predictive policing
● Ban emotion recognition systems
● Ban biometric categorisation systems
Apply bans to both public and private entities
Safeguard Fundamental Rights
Ensure Transparency and Accountability
Protect Societal Interests
CAIDP congratulates LIBE – IMCO for the amendment to explicitly protect children’s rights, provide group-based complaint and remedy mechanisms, and for additional protections against misinformation – as these were three of the five recommendations we had initially proposed [to address societal risks]. We still note that there are further risks to the society for the Act to address to protect the environment and disability rights.
We applaud Europe’s goal to establish comprehensive regulations for the development, design, and deployment of Artificial Intelligence . . . However, we are concerned that the Report in its current state would both amplify problems previously identified in the proposed EU AI Act and introduce new difficulties. And we fundamentally disagree with an assessment that a regulatory framework that supports human-centric and trustworthy AI is at odds with innovation. CAIDP sets out below a dozen recommendations in response to the Report.
We write to express support for the draft EU AI Regulation and to offer technical advice as amendments to the text are considered. This initiative may be the single most important legal framework for the digital economy to ensure the protection of fundamental rights.
We see particular urgency in the need to safeguard democratic values, including fairness, accountability, and transparency, in a global framework with legal force. Technology advances at a quick pace. Policymaking is necessarily slower and more deliberative. There is a real risk that systems for mass surveillance and opaque processing will take hold before there is an opportunity for debate and assessment
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The European Law Institute "seeks to initiate, conduct and facilitate research, to make recommendations, and to provide practical guidance in the field of European legal development. . . . It will study and stimulate European legal development in a global context. That should be taken to include, but by no means be limited to, the development of European law by the European Union and the Council of Europe.”
In Europe and across the world, the use of remote biometric identification (RBI) systems such as facial recognition, in our publicly accessible spaces, represents one of the greatest threats to fundamental rights and democracy that we have ever seen.
The remote use of such systems destroys the possibility of anonymity in public, and undermines the essence of our rights to privacy and data protection, the right to freedom of expression, rights to free assembly and association (leading to the criminalisation of protest and causing a chilling effect), and rights to equality and non-discrimination.
the AI Act proposal requires substantial improvements to guarantee consumers have the protections they need and can trust AI to respect their rights and freedoms.
While they see benefits, consumershave low trust in AI and have concerns about the abuse of personal data and the use of AI to manipulate decisions
Legislators must make sure that AI products and services are safe and that risks – including discrimination, loss of privacy, loss of autonomy, and lack of transparency – are avoided.
The first set of ECNL's proposals on the EU AI Act amendments focuses on the governance structure and supervisory tasks.
Today, 30 November 2021, European Digital Rights (EDRi) and 119 civil society organisations launched a collective statement to call for an Artificial Intelligence Act (AIA) which foregrounds fundamental rights.
The European Commission should consider risks of AI systems within a rights-based framework - as risks they pose to human rights, rule of law and democracy.
Most of our recommendations on enforcement have been embraced in the report . . . These include strengthening the enforcement at Union level, giving individuals the right to complain and the right to judicial remedy. The right to lodge a complaint to a supervisory authority has also been included in the JURI report, albeit limited to the infringement of data protection. IMCO-LIBE report rightly eliminated this limitation.